You want to make kefir… yet right off the bat, you've got a decision to make… which starter to use?
You see, you can use kefir grains or a kefir powder as your starter.
Uh-oh. All of a sudden, the kefir that everyone says is so easy just got complicated!
Which is better? Which is healthier?
Jen is asking, too:
“Which is better — kefir grains or kefir powder?” asks Jen on today's #AskWardee. I'm sharing my thoughts below!
Jen wants to know:
Hello! My questions is in regard to kefir. I make my own kefir with a freeze-dried kefir starter. Once I had my first batch completed, I make my ongoing kefir out of my previous batch. What about using the kefir grains instead. Is there a health or nutritional benefit with using the grains versus the freeze-dried powder? Thank you in advance for your response!
My Answer: Kefir Grains vs. Kefir Powder
First let's talk about what dairy kefir is, and I'll tell you about the starter cultures (kefir grains vs kefir powder). Then we'll get to what's better overall.
What Is Kefir?
Kefir is a fermented dairy that's similar to yogurt, except the mother culture is both beneficial bacteria and yeast. Yogurt is just beneficial bacteria.
The end result is thinner, more sour, and even a bit effervescent or bubbly, due to the organisms producing more gas as they culture the milk.
You can make kefir with raw or pasteurized milk. It's easier than yogurt, really. Simply plop your culture (either grains or powder) into a bit of milk, cover your jar, and let it culture at room temperature for 24 to 48 hours (adjusting up or down depending on the season of the year, temperature of your house, etc.).
Then, if you're using grains, you remove them and put ithem a new batch of milk, and cover and refrigerate the finished kefir. Or if you're using powder, you cover and refrigerate your finished kefir, using more powder for the next batch. (Or as Jen does, using the previous batch as a starter for the next batch… which is more like clabber if you use raw milk and more like a pure kefir starter if your milk was pasteurized.)
I don't want to get too complicated, as there are nuances even with what I just described. We're going to keep it simple and focus on the kefir grains vs. kefir powder.
What Are Kefir Grains?
Kefir grains are the mother culture for making kefir. They are soft and rubbery and look a lot like clumps of cauliflower. You put them in milk and pull them out, and can reuse them over and over again. They also grow (some do, some don't, it depends on the milk and conditions)… so you can share with friends or make more with your extra grains.
What's in the grains, though? The beneficial yeasts and bacteria! They live in that matrix that is like rubbery cauliflower. And when plopped into milk (or coconut milk), they eat the lactose in milk and in exchange create the thickened, curdled, sour, bubbly milk we call kefir! Kefir is full of probiotics and beneficial acids. It also has less lactose (milk sugar) than milk… the longer it ferments, the more lactose is consumed.
These grains contain at least 30 beneficial strains of bacteria and yeast, making them a true probiotic power house!
What Is Kefir Powder?
Kefir powder is a freeze-dried culture of 7 to 9 strains of beneficial bacteria and yeasts in powder form. You mix it with your milk (or coconut milk), and it creates kefir.
The resulting kefir can be used to make new batches, but not indefinitely.
Usually after a few batches, the culture will be weakened sufficiently that the kefir doesn't really turn out. Then more freeze-dried powder needs to be mixed with milk, and you start all over again. (This is similar to using finished yogurt as your yogurt culture; it won't work forever. Eventually, you need to purchase more store-bought yogurt or a powder culture and start again.)
So Which Is Better? Kefir Grains or Kefir Powder?
For 2 main reasons, I believe the kefir grains are better than the powder.
First, the grains contain many more strains of beneficial organisms and therefore, so does your kefir. It has more probiotic diversity! (This also means it may taste different, like be more bubbly or more sour.)
Second, the grains can be used over and over again, while the powder will need to be purchased again. You can stretch that out by using a small amount of powder, then culturing with finished kefir for several batches — but it won't last forever, like kefir grains can.
This doesn't mean there aren't benefits of using powdered kefir starter. It can be more convenient. Just add powder. No straining out of the grains when you're done, and certainly no having to take care of the grains if you want to take a break from making kefir.
So that's my answer. I'll have links below for you to get more information about kefir and more ideas to use it, too!
Where To Buy: Kefir Grains Or Kefir Powder
Our preferred source for cultures such as kefir — grains or powder — is Cultures for Health.
TCS members, you can save 10% to 15% off your cultures and supplies if you use the coupon code you'll find in the private member area!
For More Information:
- Why Dairy Kefir?
- 8 Yummy Ways To Eat Dairy Kefir
- FREE Raw Milk Yogurt Recipe
- Traditional Cooking School's Cultured Dairy eCourse
- Cultured Dairy eBook & Video Package
- Get Kefir Grains or Powder at Cultures for Health (TCS members check the private resources page for your 10% to 15% off coupon code!)
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So how do you make kefir? Kefir grains or kefir powder?
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